August 27, 2021


Poultry farming is a vital industry that provides food for millions of people worldwide. However, it also comes with its own set of challenges, including the risk of disease outbreaks among the birds. These diseases can cause significant losses for farmers, both in terms of the number of birds affected and the cost of treating them. In this article, we will discuss some of the most common poultry farming diseases and the medicines used to treat them.

One of the most common diseases in poultry farming is avian influenza, also known as bird flu. This highly contagious disease is caused by a virus and can affect all types of birds, including chickens, ducks, and turkeys. Symptoms include fever, respiratory problems, and a drop in egg production. Antiviral medications such as oseltamivir and amantadine are commonly used to treat bird flu, but the best way to prevent it is through biosecurity measures such as strict hygiene protocols and quarantining new birds before introducing them to the flock.

Another common disease in poultry farming is coccidiosis. This is a parasitic infection caused by a protozoan called Eimeria. Symptoms include diarrhea, weight loss, and anemia. In severe cases, it can lead to death. Medications such as amprolium, decoquinate and sulfadimethoxine are used to treat coccidiosis, but farmers can also use coccidiostats in the feed to prevent the disease.

Infectious bronchitis is another disease that affects chickens, specifically. It is caused by a virus and leads to respiratory problems such as coughing, sneezing, and nasal discharge. It also causes a drop in egg production. Vaccines are available to protect birds against infectious bronchitis, and treatment typically involves administering antibiotics such as tetracyclines and macrolides.

Newcastle disease is another viral disease that affects chickens, ducks and turkeys. It leads to respiratory problems, nervous signs and in severe cases, death. Vaccination is the best way to prevent Newcastle disease, but treatment can include administering antiviral medication such as ribavirin or interferon.

Poultry farmers can also face issues related to parasitic infections such as worms, lice and mites. These parasites can cause a variety of health problems and can also lead to decreased productivity. The treatment options for parasitic infections include antiparasitic drugs such as ivermectin, levamisole and closantel.

In conclusion, poultry farming comes with its own set of challenges, including the risk of disease outbreaks among the birds. However, by understanding the symptoms and causes of common poultry farming diseases and by taking preventative measures such as biosecurity protocols, farmers can minimize the impact of these diseases on their flocks. In case of outbreaks, appropriate medicines can be used to treat the affected birds.

Share this post:

Discover more articles